Inside the Archives: The Yangtze River Patrol Collection

John Sanders
Special Collections & Archives
Dudley Knox Library
Naval Postgraduate School
Monterey, California

Wednesday, April 26, 1911: “Got into tail of typhoon about 5 a.m. Sea roughest experienced yet. Lucky we are heading into it. Eased up a bit about 8 p.m. Maintained 8 to 12 knots thro it. NY and Albany pulled off some struts.”

Friday, April 28, 1911: “Sighted land at 11:50 a.m. Anchor at Nagasaki at 12:38 to buoys right in front of town. This is or looks like nice place. Quite a puzzle to get into harbor. Received 5 bags of mail.”

Wednesday, October 18, 1911: “Just had time to grab breakfast and get ready to go ashore in landing force. Went in American party. Forces from all ships guarding concessions. We went to Japanese consulate. Chink gunboats fired on land forces on both sides of river just below us. Everybody up in arms. Rebels victorious all day.”

Guy Harter, 1913 portrait. From the Dudley Knox Library, Naval Postgraduate School.

Guy Harter, 1913 portrait. From the Dudley Knox Library, Naval Postgraduate School.

These entries were written in pencil in a 3-inch by 6-inch leather diary that has pre-printed tide tables for Boston and New York harbors and a list of American presidents. William Howard Taft, the nation’s 27th chief executive, was in office when Guy Harter enlisted in the Navy and subsequently boarded an Asiatic Fleet gunboat en route to the Yangtze River in 1911, his uniform bearing the insignia of a yeoman.

Many of Harter’s diary entries speak only of boredom and quiet along the river. A few, however, capture the action, mystery and uncertainty of naval forces sent to protect American interests in China during the revolutions in 1911 and 1912.

Harter’s pocket diary is just the beginning of a remarkable journey into the early 20th-Century Orient captured by the pencil, typewriter and camera lens of this sailor.

Harter’s photo scrapbook shows crews reconstructing the USS Monocacy (PG-20) and the USS Palos (PG-16) in 1913, the first gunboats designed and delivered by the Navy to ply the upper reaches of the treacherous Yangtze. Photos capture Harter and shipmates at work and on liberty as well as scenes of rebel forces during an attack and the burning of Nanking in 1912. Another scrapbook contains a brilliant assortment of menus, playbills, programs, receipts, stamps, news clippings – and a red scrap of fabric Harter has labeled, “What was left of the Wilmington’s Ensign after the typhoon had ceased blowing Sunday afternoon. August 17, 1913, 4:30 p.m.” Beneath this, Harter has written, “Hong Kong, China.”

His chronicles of life as a River Rat offer deep perspective for the scholar interested in American naval action and U.S.-China relations a century ago.

His records are among several personal diaries and photo scrapbooks created by Yangtze River Patrol sailors. This collection of River Rat memorabilia and documents give added perspective to the Navy History & Heritage Command’s ten linear feet of documents in its China Repository and to the ship models and artifacts held by the United States Navy Memorial.

The Yangtze River Patrol Collection includes the only known set of the Yangtze River Patroller newsletter. The newsletter focuses largely on reunion plans and social news of members of the Yangtze River Patrol Association however each issue typically includes a personal recollection of naval life in China.

Harter’s scrapbooks are among the records that have been digitized and are readily accessible on the Dudley Knox Library’s web at http://library.nps.edu/special-collections.

For additional information about the collection and other holdings, contact John Sanders, Special Collections Manager, Dudley Knox Library, Naval Postgraduate School. E-Mail: jfsander@nps.edu; Phone: 831-656-3346.

The Knox Library. Photo courtesy John Sanders.

The Dudley Knox Library. Photo courtesy John Sanders.


(Return to the July 2015 Table of Contents)


Version 2John Sanders is a former Naval Postgraduate School public affairs officer who, with support and guidance from university librarian Eleanor Uhlinger, established the NPS archives. His other works have appeared in publications such as Aerospace America and the Dictionary of Professional Military Education.


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4 Responses to Inside the Archives: The Yangtze River Patrol Collection

  1. James Reilly says:

    My father was a 15 year old sailor on the Yangtze River patrol from 1929 to 1934.
    I’ve got some photos he took while there . . . one is of Gen. Butler, USMC and another is of some high ranking naval officers. I was wondering if you could help me identify these men?
    My father was William James Reilly, USS John D. Ford, DD-228. His Yangtze Service Medal
    is number 7257.
    How can I get these pics to you if you can help me?

    Any help will be appreciated.

    Thank you,

    James Reilly
    Virginia

  2. Ron Hampton says:

    Howdy,
    I have a deep interest in the USS Panay, PR5 December 1937 off Nanking. I have been a collector of the Panay for some timea long . But I have NOT found any info on the Chinese “Crew” on the Panay at that time.
    How many were on board and if so were any lost in the attack? I have been looking for a long time and the only reference I found was in a brief statement made by the last surviving sailor of the crew, “there was about a dozen Chinese”. He too has now past away. All of the our Gunboats on the Yangtze had them during that period. And I have read that the rate of pay was about 75 cents per day but no time frame was given.
    Any and all help is sure welcomed.
    Thanks, Ron – San Diego (Ex White Hat – AD2; 1950 thru 1955)

    • Steve Bryson says:

      Hello Mr. Hampton,

      The crew list at the time of the attack on USS Panay shows the following Chinese crew members:

      DUCEY, Ting Matt1c
      ERH, Yuan T. Matt1c
      SUNG, King F. Matt1c
      WONG, Far Z. Matt1c

      ERH, Yuan T., SUNG, King F. and WONG, Far Z. were each slightly wounded during the attack.

      From what I understand from speaking with sailors from the late 1930s era of the Yangtze Patrol, at that time the Chinese did not play the same role as was depicted in “The Sand Pebbles”, which was set in the 1926-27 time frame.

      Take care,

      Steve Bryson

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