Category Archives: Article

Admiral David Beatty: The Royal Navy Incarnate

Chuck Steele United States Air Force Academy Abstract: This paper addresses the connections between David Beatty and ethos in the Royal Navy during World War I. The issue considered herein is the degree to which Beatty conflated his fortunes with … Continue reading

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The Purchase of the Virgin Islands in 1917: Mahan and the American Strategy in the Caribbean Sea

Hans Christian Bjerg Independent Historian, Author, and Lecturer Readers of American and Danish history have considered the American purchase of the former Danish West Indies, The Virgin Islands, in 1916-17, as an isolated political event with a short previous history. … Continue reading

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The ‘Public Mind’ of British Imperialism: The Seizure of Weihaiwei and the Populist Revolt against Official Far Eastern Policy in 1898

Viktor M. Stoll University of Cambridge “They always want everything for themselves…whenever anyone takes anything, the English want to take much more,” foreshadowed Czar Nicholas II to German Chancellor Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe during their discussion on Russo-German Far Eastern territorial … Continue reading

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Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., and Changing OPNAV

Thomas C. Hone Professor of Operations Planning, Ret., US Naval War College Introduction Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., was Chief of Naval Operations from 1 July 1970 to 1 July 1974. In his 1997 oral history, Admiral Harry D. Train … Continue reading

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Napoleon and New Orleans: the Emperor’s First Surrender and its Impact on Britain in the Last Major Battle of the War of 1812

That the United States understood its relative weakness in military and naval matters was evident in the opportunism with which Madison’s government declared war while Britain was focused on the existential threat posed by the Napoleonic juggernaut. Continue reading

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Researching World War I Virtually

Lynne M. O’Hara National History Day Many researchers and students of history have found themselves researching from home in the past year. The challenges posed to students by the move to online learning and online research is something that the … Continue reading

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The Might That Failed: Jutland and the Wages of Ceremonial Battle

Michael Vlahos The Johns Hopkins University “But there was the glory first.” Rudyard Kipling, The Light That Failed The Battle of Jutland ranks among Britain’s most bitter disappointments. What should have been another Glorious First of June was, in the … Continue reading

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The Wrong Ship at the Right Time: The Technology of USS Monitor and its Impact on Naval Warfare

Larrie D. Ferreiro George Mason University Introduction: “Forty patentable contrivances” Among the many myths that grew up around USS Monitor was that she not only represented a revolutionary concept in naval warfare, marrying steam, armor and a revolving turret, but … Continue reading

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Torpex and the Atlantic Victory

Colin F. Baxter East Tennessee State University Abstract For almost three years, from 1940 until the summer of 1943, German U-boats and Allied forces fought the greatest submarine campaign in history in the Battle of the Atlantic. During those desperate … Continue reading

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Our Insecure Futures: How Can Prepare and Cope?

Richard J. Danzig 2013 Philip A. Crowl Memorial Lecture At the Annual Naval War College Dinner in the Washington Navy Yard on May 9, 2013, Dr. Richard J. Danzig gave a Phillip A. Crowel Lecture, “Our Insecure Futures: How Can … Continue reading

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It’s a navy’s job, only no navy can do it! Understanding and Addressing Western Neglect of Maritime Trade Protection

Lieutenant Comander Matthijs Ooms Royal Netherlands Navy 1 The recent return of geostrategic state competition has brought an end to complacency about interstate war. In the maritime domain, this has increased the prospect of high-intensity maritime warfare. While many Western 2 … Continue reading

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The Rise and Fall of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, 1900-1918

Stanley D. M. Carpenter Professor Emeritus, U.S. Naval War College At 1645 on 31 October 1918, onboard the flagship of the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Navy, the red-white-red ensign of the Habsburg Navy fluttered down from the jackstaff.  Rear-Admiral (Kontre-Admiral) … Continue reading

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An Unatoned War Crime of the First World War: The Sinking of a Hospital Ship by U-86

Ulrich van der Heyden University of South Africa, Pretoria German War Crimes during the First World War?  Even a hundred years after the beginning of the First World War, 1  some segments of the German media still glorify submarine warfare … Continue reading

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Anglo-American Naval Relations, 1815 — 1837

John Rodgaard1  Captain, USN (Ret.) Words such as admiration, contempt, cooperation, and hostility might describe the Anglo-American naval relationship that followed The Napoleonic Wars. Yet, that relationship formed the framework for today’s Anglo-American naval partnership. Examining the Anglo-American naval relationship … Continue reading

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Kamikazes: Understanding the Men behind the Myths

Michael Anderson1 United States Army Officer In the western military tradition, the popular, common understanding of the Japanese kamikaze of the Second World War inspires images of lone, suicidal modern-day flying samurai knights devoid of empathy with a seemingly fanatical … Continue reading

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